This week, the U.S. District Court of Kansas struck down nearly all of Kansas’s “Ag-Gag” laws for violating the First Amendment. The law, which gagged free speech by banning undercover investigations at factory farms and slaughterhouses, has deterred undercover investigations at animal facilities, including factory farms, for nearly three decades.
In December 2018, a coalition of animal, environmental, and community advocacy groups filed a lawsuit challenging the law’s constitutionality. Led by the Animal Legal Defense Fund, the coalition includes the Center for Food Safety, and Kansas-area farmed animal organizations Shy 38, Inc. and Hope Sanctuary. The coalition is represented by Public Justice, leading First Amendment scholars and attorneys with the plaintiff organizations.
This week, the court denied Kansas’s motion to have the case thrown out and granted most of the coalition’s motion for summary judgment, thus barring the state from enforcing the Ag-Gag law. The court’s decision only left intact portions of the law that would criminalize causing physical damage to animals and facilities, and the civil remedy for violations. The court found that the plaintiffs lacked standing to challenge the provisions, but otherwise delivered a decisive victory to the coalition. Federal courts have also struck down Ag-Gag laws in Idaho, Iowa, and Utah as unconstitutional.
“For 30 years, Kansas lawmakers have suppressed whistleblowers from investigating cruel conditions on factory farms with this unconstitutional law,” said Animal Legal Defense Fund’s Executive Director Stephen Wells in a statement. “Today’s decision is a victory for the millions of animals raised for meat on factory farms.”
Enacted in 1990, the Kansas Ag-Gag law was the oldest in the United States. Kansas is a major agricultural producer with the third-most cows of any state, and its Ag-Gag law has successfully prevented whistleblowers from investigating the inhumane conditions that millions of pigs, cows, and chickens endure.
It is critical that investigations are not suppressed. The public relies on undercover investigations to expose illegal and cruel practices on factory farms and slaughterhouses. No federal laws govern the condition in which farmed animals are raised, and laws addressing slaughter and transport are laxly enforced. Undercover investigations are therefore the primary avenue through which the public receives information about animal agriculture operations. Investigations also reveal health and worker safety violations. Factory farms and slaughterhouses are major polluters, so undercover investigations are important for learning about violations of environmental laws as well.
The Animal Legal Defense Fund, the nation’s preeminent legal advocacy organization for animals, led coalitions to strike down Ag-Gag laws in Idaho, Utah, and Iowa. Litigation against Ag-Gag laws in North Carolina and Arkansas is ongoing.
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